Resource centre for greenhouse gas accounting
Réduire la taille du texte Agrandir la taille du texte

Draw up an action plan



Even if carrying out a GHG inventory is a vital stage in knowing what emissions are associated with your activity, it is by no means an end in itself!

Accounting for your emissions makes it possible to identify the sources for which the activity may have room to maneuver in order to reduce its emissions.

The implementation of reduction action plans may take several forms:

  • Rethinking your production modes;
  • Changing your behavior;
  • Reviewing elements strategic to the activity (marketing, customer priorities, etc.);
  • Etc.

 Reminder: There are three principal emission scopes (Scopes 1, 2 and 3) which are in turn divided up into 24 categories.

The following tables enable you to access action paths, category by category.

Direct GHG emissions: direct emissions emanating from stationary or mobile installations situated within the organizational boundary, i.e.: emissions from sources owned or controlled by the organization, such as the combustion of stationary and mobile sources, industrial processes excluding combustion, emissions from ruminants, biogas from landfill centers, refrigerant leakages, nitrogenous fertilizers, biomass, etc.

No. Emission category Links


Direct emissions from fixed combustion sources Energy savings in industry
"Companies, optimize your energy consumption" guide
"49 examples of corporate best energy practices" guide
Energy audits
Air-conditioning in industrial buildings
Energy diagnostic
Producing heat
Energy Saving Certificates
Improving energy performance in industry
2 Direct emissions from mobile sources with internal combustion engines Equipment and post-processing
Technological solutions
Supply chain optimization
Optimizing goods transport
ADEME Notice on particle and NOx emissions from road vehicles
ADEME Notice on 1st-generation biofuels
3 Direct emissions from processes excluding energy ADEME Notice on agricultural methanization
Air conditioning
Sanitation waste
VOCs in industry
Energy recovery from waste
4 Direct fugitive emissions Air conditioning
5 Emissions from biomass (soils and forests) Biomass wood
ADEME Notice on agricultural methanization
Agricultural biomass
Forestry biomass
Biomass cogeneration


Indirect energy emissions: indirect emissions associated with the production of electricity, heat or steam purchased for the activities of the organization.

No. Emission category Links


Indirect emissions linked to electricity consumption Distribution transformers and energy savings
Creating and optimizing a heating network
Injecting biogas into the network
7 Indirect emissions linked to the consumption of steam, heat or refrigeration Steam heating
Ventilation and air conditioning
Industrial cooling


Other indirect emissions: the other emissions indirectly produced by the activities of the organization which are not accounted for under Scope 2 but which are linked to the overall value chain, such as: the purchasing of raw materials, services or other products; employee travel; upstream and downstream transportation of goods; the management of waste generated by the activities of the organization; the use and end-of-life of sold products and services; the amortization of production goods and equipment, etc.

No. Emission category Links
8 Emissions linked to energy not included in the "direct GHG emissions" and "indirect GHG energy emissions" categories The action paths presented in categories 1, 2, 6, 7 are valid for reducing the emissions of category 8
9 Purchasing of products and services Biosourced products
Optimizing purchases
Circular economy
10 Amortization of assets Sectoral guide for digital information and communication technologies
11 Waste Mechanical-biological treatment
Organic recovery
Waste prevention
ADEME Notice on waste incineration
ADEME Notice on waste methanization
ADEME Notice on the mechanical-biological treatment of household waste
12 Upstream goods transportation Optimizing goods transport
Objective CO2 charter
Improving supply chain performance
13 Professional travel Eco-driving
Car labeling
Choosing your fuel
Improving employee mobility
14 Upstream franchise -
15 Upstream leasing assets -
16 Investments -
17 Transportation of visitors and clients Modal shift
Campus transport plan
Car sharing
Active modes
Mobility advice
18 Downstream transport of goods Deliveries in town
19 Use of sold products The action paths presented in category 9 are valid for reducing the emissions of category 19
20 End-of-life of sold products Avoiding waste production
Costs and funding
Manufacturing differently
21 Downstream franchise -
22 Downstream leasing -
23 DHome-work commuting Improving mobility in collectivities
Modal shift
24 Other indirect emissions -






19293 registered members
2608 validated emission factors
1898 published GHG inventories
18 sector guides